Translating into Spanish? Take a minute to think about what variation of Spanish you should use for your Spanish translation! I hope that this article helps you to make your choice!
The kind of target audience is an important factor that you must consider in every translation process, but it has a special relevance when translating into Spanish. I will tell you why:
Spanish is spoken in 20 different countries worldwide, making it the third most spoken language in the world, after Chinese and English. Nowadays people speak Spanish in Europe, Asia, North and South America. They speak the same language, but with certain variations regarding the vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation, which has led to the emergence of a wide range of Spanish language varieties. The most relevant ones are Latin American Spanish (spoken in Latin American nations and the United States of America), and Peninsular, European or Castilian Spanish, but there are also significant differences in the way that Spanish is spoken among regions within single countries.
These are the main differences found in grammar and pronunciation:
- While in Spain there are two forms of the second-person plural pronoun: ustedes (formal) and vosotros (familiar/informal), in Latin America (and some particular southern-Spain cities such as Cádiz) this pronoun has been replaced with ustedes.
- The use of the form vos as the second-person singular pronoun is common in various countries around Latin America, including Argentina, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Paraguay.
- Typical of Latin America is also the seseo. The ‘c’ and the ‘z’, like the ‘c’ in center, for example, are pronounced with a ‘th’ sound in Spain, making the Spanish word for center (centro) sound like ‘thentro’, while in Latin America, the soft ‘c’ and [...]